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LAFAYETTE, Marquis Gilbert de Memorial on the Common in Boston, Massachusetss
by John Francis Paramino (click name for more of that artist's work)

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Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-Roch-Gilbert du Motier, Lafayette (initially the Marquis de Lafayette) (September 6, 1757 May 20, 1834) was a French military officer and former aristocrat who participated in both the American and French revolutions. He permanently renounced the title "Marquis" before the French National Assembly in June, 1790). Even though he was already adopted by George Washington, he was twice granted Honorary Citizenship of the United States, first in 1824 (along with his descendants in perpetuity), and again, posthumously in 2002; one of only six specific persons so honored. Lafayette served in the American Revolutionary War both as a general and as a diplomat, serving entirely without pay in both roles. Later, he was to prove a key figure in the early phases of the French Revolution. He was a leading figure among the Feuillants, who tried to turn France into a constitutional monarchy, and commander of the French National Guard. Accused by Jean-Paul Marat of responsibility for the "Massacre of the Champ de Mars" (before which, Lafayette was nearly assasinated), he subsequently was forced out of a leading role in the Revolution by Jacobin Terror anarchists. On August 19, 1792, the Jacobin party seized control of Paris and the National Assembly, ordering Lafayette's arrest. He fled France and was arrested by the Austrian army in Rochefort, Belgium. Thereafter, he spent five years in various Austrian and Prussian prisons. He was released in 1797; however, Napoleon Bonaparte would not allow his return to France for several years. He continued to be active in French and European politics until his death in 1834. Source: Wikipedia




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0008000/08216_0010021909 (added ca. 6/17/2007)



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0008000/08216_0010021919 (added ca. 6/17/2007)



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0008000/08216_0010021929 (added ca. 6/17/2007)

More Info

Medium: Bronze
Artist:
John Francis Paramino (click name for more of that artist's work)
Related subjects: Revolutionary War; Gilbert de Lafayette
Location: Tremont St at about Temple Pl Massachusetts, Boston

Smithsonian American Art Museum's Art Inventories Catalog: Control number 87710006 (dcMem ID #8216 )

Links & other sources
Wikipedia article on Lafayette
Eponymous website
USHistory on the Marquis
City of Boston website
Wikipedia on Boston

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