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Yorktown Victory Monument (a.k.a. Monument to Alliance & Victory) in Yorktown, Virginia
by John Quincy Adams Ward, Oskar Hansen (click name for more of that artist's work)

Scroll down for 20 pictures
Click here for more info




Yorktown Victory Monument,
This monument was authorized by Continental Congress, October 29, 1781, just after the news of surrender reached Philadelphia. Actual construction began 100 years later and was completed in 1884. The original figure of Liberty atop the Victory shaft was severely damaged by lightning. A new work replaced it in 1956. the shaft of Maine granite is 84 feet in height to which Liberty adds another 14 feet.

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0005000/05395_0010037919 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010037909 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010037929 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010037969 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010037939 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010037949 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010037959 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010037979 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010037989 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010037999 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010038009 (added ca. 11/17/2007)


At York on Oct 19 1781 after a siege of nineteen days by 5500 American & 7000 French troops of the line 3500 Virginia Militia under command of Gen Thomas Nelson & 33 French ships of war Earl Cornwallis commander of the British forces at York & Gloucester surrendered his army 1751 officers and men 840 seamen 244 cannon and 24 standards to His Excellency George Washington Commander in Chief of the combined forces of America and France to his Excellency the Comte de Rochambeau commanding the auxiliary troops of His Most Christian Majesty in America and to His Excellency The Comte de Grasse Commanding Chief The Naval Army of France in Chesapeake

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0005000/05395_0010038039 (added ca. 11/17/2007)


The provisional Articles of Peace concluded Nov 30, 1782 & the definitive treaty of peace concluded Sept 3 1783 between teh U.S.A. and George III King of Great Britain & Ireland declare His Britannic Majesty acknowledges the said U.S. viz New Hampshire Massachusetts Bay Rhode Island and Providence Plantations Connecticut New York new Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina and Georgia to be free sovereign and independent states

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0005000/05395_0010038049 (added ca. 11/17/2007)


The treaty concluded Feb 6 1778 between the U.S.A. and Louis XVI King of France declares the essential & direct end of the present defensive alliance is to maintain effectually the liberty & sovereignty & independence absolute & unlimited of the said U.S. as well in matters of government as of commerce

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0005000/05395_0010038069 (added ca. 11/17/2007)


Erected in pursuance of a resolution of Congress adopted Oct 29 1781 & an act of congress approved June 7 1880 to commemorate the victory by which the independence of the U.S.A. was achieved

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0005000/05395_0010038059 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010038079 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010038099 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010038119 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010038089 (added ca. 11/17/2007)



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0005000/05395_0010038109 (added ca. 11/17/2007)

More Info

Medium: Granite
Artist:
John Quincy Adams Ward, Oskar Hansen (click name for more of that artist's work)
Related subjects: History, American; Revolutionary War
Location: Main Street Virginia, Yorktown

Nearest Metro: N/A () (click station name for all sculptures nearby)
Smithsonian American Art Museum's Art Inventories Catalog: Control number 88180080 (dcMem ID #5395 )

Links & other sources
NPS.gov on the Yorktown Victory Monument
York County on the Monument

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